African buffalo Mating Habits

African buffalo Mating Habits


African buffalo are polygynandrous (promiscuous) meaning that both males and females mate with multiple partners. They mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. The birth peak takes place early in the season while mating peaks later. A dominant bull in the herd/subherd closely guards a cow that is ready to mate and keeps other bulls at bay. This is difficult, as cows are quite evasive and attract many males to the scene. Cows usually reproduce every two years. They give birth to a single calf after a gestation period of 11.5 months. 



Newborn calves remain hidden in vegetation for the first few weeks while being nursed occasionally by the mother before joining the main herd. Older calves are held in the center of the herd for safety. Calves are typically weaned by 9 or 10 months. The maternal bond between a mother and her offspring lasts longer than in most bovids. However, when a new calf is born, the bonding ends and the mother keeps her previous offspring at bay with horn jabs. 


Nevertheless, the yearling follows its mother for another year or so. Males leave their mothers when they are two years old and join the bachelor groups. African buffalo calves usually become independent between one and two years of age. Young females start breeding at 5 years of age. Males become reproductively mature when they are 4 to 6 years old.


MATING BEHAVIOR - Polygynandry
REPRODUCTION SEASON - rainy season
PREGNANCY DURATION - 11.5 months
BABY CARRYING - 1 calf
INDEPENDENT AGE - 1-2 years
FEMALE NAME - cow
MALE NAME - bull
BABY NAME - calf


African buffalo Mating Habits

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